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1) What is hearing impairment and how it affects Speech and Language?

Hearing impairment is the inability of an individual to hear sounds adequately. Hearing is a prerequisite for the development of normal speech & language. A child learns to speak by imitating the sounds that they hear.

2) What are the causes of hearing loss?

  • Aging
  • cold
  • Earwax
  • Illness
  • Heredity
  • Certain chemotherapy and radiation treatments
  • Certain antibiotics
  • Head trauma
  • Noise exposure

3)What documents do I need to carry for hearing and speech assessment at NIHH, SRC?

  • White Ration card with income mentioned or Income proof signed by gazetted  officer
  • Two passport size photographs
  • Hearing disability certificate for  issue of  free hearing aids under ADIP scheme

If the documents submitted by you for proof   in case of non – inclusion of child’s name in the white ration card, then you will have to submit another officially valid document like birth certificate or an Aadhar card.

4) Do I need to take an appointment for hearing evaluation?
Not required, Registration for the required assessment to be done at the institute premises only between 9:00 a.m. to 11:00 am.

5)What are the first signs that parents should look to suspect hearing loss in children?
Be concerned if you notice that
Baby does not startle to loud or sudden noises, or turn toward sound.

  • By 8 months, the baby is not cooing, babbling, or laughing.
  • By 12 months, the child is not trying to imitate sounds, or understanding simple commands like "bye bye”If hearing loss,  it can be assessed and when appropriate, the baby can be fitted with hearing aids at the earliest for better language and communication

6)Can my child learn to talk with hearing aids and cochlear implant?
Children with greater than moderate degree of hearing loss can use hearing aids, a cochlear implant or combinationof the devices for speech and sound development that help them learn how to speak. However a strong team work and motivation between families, teachers, and audiologists are essential to maximize the benefits of technology to help a child learn how to talk.

7) What is a cochlear implant?
A cochlear implant is an electronic device that restores partial hearing to the properly selected deaf. It is surgically implanted in the inner ear and activated by a device worn behind the ear. Unlike a traditional hearing aid, which simply amplifies sound which is then heard in the normal way, a cochlear implant converts sound to electrical impulses which are then transmitted to the nerve of hearing that would normally carry the auditory signal to the brain.




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